The 'Super-State' is a permanent grouping of States introduced into the Senate where more than one State needs to act in concert, for proper governance or for real changes to occur. This could arise because of the need to recognise a 'place' or an 'issue' important to the future of Australia.
Note: There are State issues or places as important (or maybe even more important) as the issues and places recognised by the establishment of these 'Super-States', but, because they can be handled by one State alone, do not require Super-State recognition.
The Super-State is defined by the Senate, introduced into the Senate, and passed by the House of Representatives. A Super-State has one Senator elected into the Senate to represent the Super-State. This ensures that the Super-State will be dealt with seriously by the Senate and the member States will have extra role to play in the dealing with those places and issues in the governing of Australia. Or a Super-State
The 'Super-States' introduced here are:
- All States - 32 States
- Great Barrier Reef - A, AG, AF, AE
- Antarctica - Q, W
- Pilbara - M, L, R
- Kimberley - J, K
- Arnhem Land - F, G, H
- Gulf of Carpentaria - B, C, D, E, F, G
- Cape York Peninsula - A, B
There are important Super-State requirements not mentioned here, because the arrangement will need to be worked out. Fishing, for instance, may result in a number of Super-States, depending on the need for various States to act in concert, to protect the maritime environments around Australia. Zones may overlap; so a State may be involved in more than one Super-State, on a particular issue.
An issue that affects all Australians, such as foreign policy, defence, border protection, is usually a Federal Government issue, but not always. The Super-State 'All States' is where there is clearly a 'State' issue but it applies to all States, or requires all States to act in concert for the plan to proceed. A good example is fishing; fishing is obviously, and needs to be, State-based1 but all States need to act in concert in relation to protection of the border from poaching from international waters.
Special Super-State Senators elected by voters in 'All States' are State-based, not Federal, positions.
1. (There's no question who owns any water in Australia. Because the border of the State is defined by the top of the ridge between two major water courses, the State owns all the water (and is responsibe for all the shit) that flows into the sea; therefore, only the State can act to protect the sea associated with its own, particular shore-line.)